Free and Proper Elections

NCFPE Poltical Blog and News Tracker

Free and Proper Elections - NCFPE Poltical Blog and News Tracker

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  • Me<3<3 says:

    A civil war is a war between different groups of people who belong to the same country. The American Civil War was fought between the North (Union states) and the South (Confederate states). It lasted from 1861-1865, triggered by the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Lincoln wanted to end slavery and keep the Union together. The conflict between the North (the Yankees) and the South (the Rebels) started because of their different ways of living. The North wanted the South to give up their farms, build factories, and abolish slavery. Congress treated the slaves as personal property and would not take away rights of ownership. Thus, America began the conflict that would take the lives of more than 620,000 of its citizens and injure more than 375,000. Most of the battles took place in the South and the recovery from the destruction took many years. This site is intended to help fifth graders better understand this part of history and is dedicated to a special Civil War historian. Causes of the Civil War The North and the South had different attitudes toward slavery, free labor (paid) versus slave labor (unpaid) Confederate troops bombarded a Union stronghold, Fort Sumter, Charleston, South Carolina, April 12, 1861. Ways of life were different for both sides: plantations versus factories. On state’s rights the North argued no state had a right to secede from the Union, the South argued a state could leave the Union if it voted to do so. Reconstruction of a Nation Reconstruction after the Civil War was the process of reorganizing the southern states into the Union. Throughout the South, livestock had been killed, as plantations and industries were destroyed. Productivity levels slowed down, and Southern productivity had depended on slave labor, which no longer existed. Without slaves after the war southern landholders reduced the size of their plantations. Landowners had to sell large portions of land. The concept of sharecropping began in the South. A tenant or sharecropper agreed to give the landowner, as rent, a portion of the crop raised from his labor. Sharecropping kept newly freed slaves in debt to landowners. As the northern cities were building industries with the help of immigrants, the southern cities were trying to rebuild their lives. Reconstruction policies were put into place after the war. Southern military leaders could not hold office. Southerners resented “Carpetbaggers” from the north. African-Americans were allowed to hold public offices and had equal rights under the Civil Rights Act of 1866. Southern whites had held black people in slavery for many years. Now, the former slaves were getting to enjoy a small taste of freedom. Also, the South had started the Civil War which had caused so much death and destruction. It was not surprising that the North showed little sympathy when the fighting stopped and the South lay in ruins. Southern states organized conventions to form new governments. Soon, all but three southern states had new legislatures. Not surprisingly, radical Republicans held firm control in every one of the new governments. Many of the new governors and state officials were carpetbaggers from outside the state. Others were southern scalawags.

    January 25, 2013 at 12:42 pm

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